Human civilisation is made up of communities, which, as the term suggests, are formed based on commonalities. Some communities form due to a common language or locality; others grow out of a need to fight a common cause or enemy. The earliest human communities grew out of survival instincts – out in the wild, one was either the predator or the prey. It is thus unsurprising that they quickly grasped the concept of safety in numbers and banded together 5 for mutual protection. The flip side of this was that an outsider would be treated with suspicion at best and aggression at worst. Such distinctions between “us” and “them”, born out of our natural differences, have to be negotiated carefully in order for humanity to continue to progress collectively.
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